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Many people use the terms “charge card” and “credit card” interchangeably. That’s understandable, because you can use a charge card and a credit card to make a purchase in a similar manner. Plus, the cards often look similar, which may be why some people confuse the two.
However, there are key differences between the two, and you may want to compare the two types of cards before deciding which is a better fit for you.
Here are the primary differences to consider if you’re weighing the merits of a charge card vs. credit card.
Charge card vs. credit card
Charge cards don’t have a preset spending limit.
When you receive a credit card, you’ll be assigned a credit limit, or the total amount you can spend. If you reach your credit limit, the card may be declined. Some issuers let you opt in to be able to spend more than your credit limit, but you may be charged an over-limit fee every time you do so.How do I get a high-limit credit card?
Charge cards generally don’t have a preset spending limit, but the issuer may still limit how much you can spend using the card. As American Express notes in the terms and conditions for the Platinum Card® from American Express, “No pre-set spending limit does not mean unlimited spending.” Your purchasing power may change based on your payment history, credit, income, debts and other risk factors as determined by the issuer.
You must pay a charge card’s bill in full each month.
When you use a charge card, the total balance is due each month. This could be a good thing in some situations, as it can force you to watch your spending and avoid charging more than you can afford to pay off.
With a credit card, you can make a minimum payment equal to a small percentage of the balance on the card and “revolve” the rest of the balance to the next month. This can make managing expenses easier, but you’ll usually have to pay interest on the unpaid portion of the balance.
And credit card interest (expressed as a yearly rate known as the annual percentage rate, or APR) is something you’ll want to take seriously. If you carry a balance from month to month, a high APR can end up costing you a lot of money in the long run.
Late payment fees can apply to either type of card.
If you don’t pay a charge card’s bill in full, you may be charged a late payment fee. For example, the Premier Rewards Gold Card from American Express has a fee of up to $38 for each late payment.
Credit card issuers may also charge late payment fees, but you can avoid them by paying the minimum amount on time. The CARD Act caps late payment fees on credit cards; the limit in 2017 is $27 for a first occurrence and $38 for subsequent late payments during the next six months.
A late payment could affect you in other ways too. Michael Bovee, credit expert and founder of Consumer Recovery Network, says that he often sees charge card issuers closing accounts or pausing privileges immediately following a missed payment but that credit card issuers will sometimes be more lenient and leave accounts open. Your experience may vary depending on the issuer or the card, but it’s something to watch out for.How late payments can affect your credit
Charge cards generally have an annual fee.
Most charge cards have an annual fee of at least $95, although in some cases it will be waived the first year. This fee may be more common with charge cards in part because charge card issuers don’t make money on interest payments, while credit card issuers can.
Many credit cards — especially rewards credit cards — charge an annual fee, but there are also plenty of credit cards with no annual fee. Like charge cards, some credit cards waive the fee for the first year.
There are more credit card issuers than charge card issuers.
American Express is the primary charge card issuer in the United States, though the company also issues credit cards. In contrast, you may be able to apply for a credit card from many different financial institutions. Credit cards with a Visa® or Mastercard® logo are accepted by more retailers in the U.S. than American Express charge or credit cards.
Unauthorized transactions are treated similarly.
Matthew Katz, CEO of chargeback prevention company Verifi Inc., says that for consumers, there’s little difference between a charge card and a credit card when it comes to fraudulent activity. “In general, if a consumer’s payment information is stolen, they have no liability,” Katz says.
Of course, that’s not always true. Some credit cards promise $0 fraud liability, but not all do. Fortunately, the Fair Credit Billing Act (FCBA) limits your liability for unauthorized charges on your credit card.
Under the FCBA, you may be liable for up to $50. However, if you’re able to report the loss before your credit card is used, you are not responsible for any charges you didn’t authorize.How to guard against credit card fraud
Charge cards vs. credit cards: Effects on your credit
Both charge cards and credit cards can help you build your credit, but there are differences between the two.
When you apply for a charge card or a credit card, the issuer will likely review your credit profile. This will result in a hard inquiry. A hard inquiry may remain on your credit reports for up to two years, but the effect on your credit is typically minor.
Credit card utilization refers to how much of your available credit you use at any given time. It’s a significant factor credit scoring agencies use to determine your credit scores.
With a credit card, your utilization rate is determined by comparing your statement balance to your credit limit. If you have a statement balance of $100 and a credit limit of $1,000, your utilization rate is 10 percent. A lower utilization rate may be correlated with higher credit scores, as it suggests to creditors that you can use credit responsibly without relying too heavily on it.
Since charge cards don’t have a preset spending limit, it can be more difficult to determine a utilization rate. Both VantageScore® and FICO® credit scoring models don’t account for charge cards when determining your overall utilization rate, though this may not be true for some older scoring models.
Making on-time payments for charge cards and credit cards can help you build a strong credit profile.
Generally, payments over 30 days late are reported to the credit bureaus, where they can stay on your credit reports for up to seven years and may affect your credit scores, access to credit and the interest rates on your credit lines.
Credit cards offer you the flexibility of a minimum payment, but the same feature may become a problem if you start to accumulate debt and interest charges.
Charge cards generally must be paid off in full each month, but if you can’t make a payment in full, the issuer may close your card and you’ll have to pay a fee.
So, which is best? It depends on your lifestyle and personal budget. Either type of card can help you build credit if you make on-time payments, but the biggest pros and cons will likely depend on how you use the card — and how easily you’ll be able to pay off the balance in full each month.
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